Part II: Smarter Charitable Donations
Good Morning Relaxing Retirement Member,
Last week, as we entered the final quarter of the year where the overwhelming majority of donations are made to charities, non-profit organizations, and your alma mater, I recommended taking a moment to strategically think about “how” you are going to donate before making donations.
This is especially important with the tax law that took effect in January, 2018.
You may recall that Strategy #1 involved donating shares of appreciated investments instead of cash because it potentially reduces your tax bite even more, allows you to donate more, and increases the net benefit to the entity you choose to donate to.
This week, I’d like to share Strategy #2, which is available to you if you have reached age 70 ½ and you are subject to the annual Required Minimum Distribution (RMD) from your IRA.
If you have charitable intentions, take a close look at taking a Qualified Charitable Distribution (QCD), i.e. making donations directly from your IRA!
There are two important tax concepts at work to clarify here:
- RMD and QCD: Once you reach age 70 ½, the IRS mandates that you withdraw a certain amount from your IRA each year and pay income taxes on the amount withdrawn.
As with Strategy #1, where most Americans donate cash or write a check to a charity after they have paid capital gains in order to free up the cash, many also do so after paying taxes on their IRA Required Minimum Distribution.
With a Qualified Charitable Distribution (QCD), you make charitable donations directly from your IRA to the charity of your choice thus bypassing the multiple step transaction of making your required IRA withdrawal, paying income taxes, making a charitable contribution with the net amount, and then claiming the donation as a tax-deductible contribution.
- Itemized vs. Standard Deduction: If you already make charitable donations, what makes the QCD strategy so important is the change in 2018 tax law regarding itemized vs. standard deductions which doubled the standard deduction to $24,400 for couples and $12,200 for individual filers in 2019, and $27,000 and $13,500 respectively for those over 65 years of age.
Couple this with the itemized deduction limit for state and property taxes of $10,000, and it’s more and more likely that you will be using the standard deduction because your itemized deductions may not exceed that $27,000 limit.
While this is generally good news because filing is much simpler, it may mean that your charitable donations offer you no greater tax benefits because donations are itemized deductions.
The huge benefit of the QCD in this case is you may still receive the tax saving benefits from a charitable contribution even though you file using a standard deduction.
For example, if your itemized deductions, which include your charitable donations, total $23,000, you would file using the standard deduction and your charitable donations would not have provided any additional tax benefits.
However, if you donate directly from your IRA to the charity, you are able to deduct the contribution even if you file using the standard deduction and reap tax benefits.
The mechanics of this are quite simple. You simply provide the custodian of your IRA with the name of the charity and the amount you wish to donate, sign the appropriate form, and the custodian withdraws funds from your IRA and sends a check to the charity in your name. (For our Relaxing Retirement members, simply notify our office and we’ll take care of everything with Charles Schwab)
If your IRA Required Minimum Distribution for the year was $50,000, and you made a Qualified Charitable Distribution of $3,000 from your IRA, you would only pay income taxes on $47,000 instead of $50,000.
Intentional and Strategic
The key with each of these strategies is to always be intentional and strategic with everything you do financially, even making charitable donations.
While making charitable donations is a very noble thing to do, taking a few minutes to explore your options not only increases your tax benefits, but the organization you donate to receives more benefits too.
If you would like to explore any of these in greater detail in your own unique situation, simply let us know.
Committed To Your Relaxing Retirement,
The Retirement Coach
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(The content of this letter does not constitute a tax opinion. Always consult with a competent tax professional service provider for advice on tax matters specific to your situation.)