SPOUSAL Social Security Benefits

Good Morning Relaxing Retirement Subscriber,

Over the last few weeks, I’ve been answering all the questions new Relaxing Retirement members (Al and Carla) posed to me.

This week, I’d like to share the answer I gave to Carla surrounding when she should begin collecting her benefits.

I wanted to isolate this question for you because there’s lot of confusion about “spousal” benefits.

To begin with, Carla did work over her lifetime, so she has qualified to receive social security benefits on her own. However, when her children were younger, she stopped for periods of time so her benefits are significantly lower than Al’s.

The first thing I explained to Carla was that she has two ways of calculating her benefits.

Spousal Benefits

Even if she never worked over the course of her lifetime, Carla is still entitled to one-half of Al’s benefit at the very least (depending on when she decides to begin collecting as we’ll discuss shortly).

Since she’s also eligible for benefits due to her own employment history, Carla has a decision to make as to which set of benefits to collect.

For example, let’s assume for a moment that Al waits to collect his full social security benefits of $2,000 per month at his age 66.

Given this, Carla’s spousal benefit is $1,000 per month at age 66 as Al’s wife.

If Carla’s social security benefits from her employment are greater than $1,000 per month, she would begin benefits under her own employment records. However, if they’re less than $1,000 per month, she will collect spousal benefits.

Four Other Issues to Clarify

  1. If Carla has reached her full retirement age (FRA), she may begin collecting “spousal” social security benefits even if she continues to work past her FRA and accrue benefits under her own account. When she later retires, if her benefits are greater, she may then choose to switch her social security benefits from “spousal” to benefits from her own employment account.

  2. If Al began receiving his benefits at age 62, his actual benefit would have been $1,500 per month (75% of his full retirement age benefit at age 66). Even though Al began receiving his benefits at age 62, Carla may decide to wait to begin receiving ‘spousal’ benefits at her age 66.

    *** If she chooses to do so, she doesn’t receive 50% of Al’s reduced benefit of $1,500 per month (for beginning his benefits at age 62). Carla would receive 50% of Al’s full retirement benefit ($2,000) as if he began receiving benefits at age 66, or $1,000 per month.

  3. If Carla decided to begin receiving her reduced ‘spousal’ benefit of $700 per month at age 62 (35% of $2,000 per month instead of 50%), she may not later draw an increased ‘spousal benefit amount at age 66.

  4. Assuming for a moment that Carla was younger than Al, she may not begin collecting any social security benefits before she reaches age 62. (The exception is if Al passes away. In that case, assuming she has no dependent children, Carla could begin collecting at age 60.)

As you can see, there is a lot of room for confusion and these decisions are not as clear cut as you may like them to be.

The key is knowing the rules and fully weighing all options before you begin collecting your benefits so that you can receive the largest amount you are entitled to receive.

Committed to Your Relaxing Retirement,

Jack Phelps

The Retirement Coach
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(The content of this letter does not constitute a tax opinion. Always consult with a competent tax professional service provider for advice on tax matters specific to your situation.)